Treaty Information

Treaty Vision

1. Vision & Objectives

Moving Forward Together, in the context of the K’ómoks Vision and Values, the K’ómoks Treaty has outlined the following objectives:

  • Recognizing the K’ómoks aboriginal rights and title and the inherent right to self-government
  • Reconciling differences over lands and resource ownership and jurisdiction through a new treaty relationship that is flexible and intended to evolve over time
  • Providing for an effective and sustainable K’ómoks self-government through, among other things, a common commitment to capacity building and a new and enhanced fiscal relationship
  • Enhancing economic opportunities for K’ómoks, K’ómoks members and the surrounding community
  • Preserving, revitalizing, and strengthening of the culture, language, and heritage of the K’ómoks First Nation

2. K’ómoks First Nation Treaty

A K’ómoks Treaty will be different than any treaty negotiated in modern history. Previous treaties required “certainty” which essentially means that aboriginal rights are exchanged or “extinguished” for treaty rights. These older treaties were “Final Agreements” and did not allow for the inclusion of new rights based on new developments in the law, or on innovations in other treaties. 

A K’ómoks Treaty will be a living agreement that involves:

  • The recognition of Aboriginal Rights and Title, including the Inherent Right to Self-Government
  • No extinguishment of rights
  • Periodic Renewal which obliges the parties to renew the treaty as a result of changing law and policy or unforeseen circumstances
  • The ability to add new aboriginal rights recognized by the courts 
  • Binding arbitration if the Crown is not negotiating in good faith and the award of “punitive damages” to encourage good behaviour

Key elements of our negotiations to date include:

  • A commitment by the Crown to align with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)
  • Self-government, based on the K’ómoks Constitution
  • Loan forgiveness   
  • Prime Lands that could total up to 12,500 acres, including the entire Goose Spit, to K’ómoks
  • Co-management/shared governance throughout the KFN territory

3. Treaty Process

K’ómoks First Nation (KFN) has been involved in treaty negotiations since 1994. There are six stages in the BC treaty process. On March 24 2012, K’ómoks signed the Agreement in Principle (Stage 4) with British Columbia and Canada and entered into Stage 5 negotiations. K’ómoks intends to complete its treaty negotiations during the 2021/2022 fiscal year.

More information on the BC treaty process can be found on the British Columbia Treaty Commission website www.bctreaty.ca.

Summary of Treaty Chapters

An Overview of the Proposed Treaty

The K’ómoks First Nations Treaty will be a living agreement, unlike any other treaty negotiated in modern history. Below you will find information related to the current proposed treaty chapters, an overview of how it will affect the nation, and frequently asked questions related to the treaty process.

K’ómoks First Nations Chapters of Treaty Summary
K’ómoks Treaty Frequently Asked Questions

K’ómoks First Nation Constitution

A constitution sets out the relationship between the government and the people who are governed. It also sets out the authorities of the government and limitations on these authorities as well as the rights and responsibilities of the people being governed.

The K’ómoks Constitution has been years in the making. Over the years, there have been three different Constitutional Committees, chaired by elder Fran Prince, and the work of these committees has resulted in the current draft Constitution. The Constitution will replace the old Indian Act system of government with a new system developed by the K’ómoks people. It will come into effect, if approved in a ratification vote, on the same day the treaty comes into effect. Below you will find information related to the current proposed Constitution, an overview of how it will affect the nation, and frequently asked questions related to the Constitution.

K’ómoks Constitution Frequently Asked Questions
K’ómoks Constitution Draft

Enrollment & Eligibility

Enrollment and Eligibility: Next steps

K’ómoks is getting closer to completing negotiations for a Treaty and has completed a final draft of the K’ómoks Constitution. Both will go to the K’ómoks people to be voted on (ratified). There are specific requirements for ratifying the K’ómoks Treaty and Constitution. These include the processes to determine who can vote, and the steps that need to be taken for individuals to do so. The following information describes who is eligible to be a K’ómoks Member under Treaty, the Eligibility criteria, the process for Enrollment, and the Ratification process.

Treaty Team


The K’ómoks Chief and Council have oversight of the Treaty Team and participate in all internal sessions and all tri-partite negotiations with Canada and British Columbia. The K’ómoks Chief Negotiator reports to the Chief and Council. In addition to Chief and Council, members of the treaty team include:

Mark is a Métis lawyer with an extensive background in Treaty negotiations, Constitutional negotiations, and Aboriginal law. Mark worked with the Privy Council in Ottawa for five years on Aboriginal constitutional matters, subsequently worked as Legal Counsel for the Ontario Native Affairs Secretariat, and then with the Government of British Columbia as a Chief Treaty Negotiator.

Mark L’Hirondelle Stevenson, Chief Negotiator
Read More

Fran is a member of the K’ómoks First Nation. On her mother’s side she is Kwagiulth, Namgis, Tlingit and K’ómoks; on her father’s side, Nak’adzdi. She has worked for her Nation since 2005 and has been the Treaty Coordinator since 2007, where she coordinates and chairs Internal, Main Table and KFN People’s Assembly meetings.

Fran Prince, Treaty Coordinator
Read More

Ron is a professional forester who was born, raised and lived on Vancouver Island for most of his life. Ron has a long history of working with government, industry, and for the last 25 years, in forestry with First Nation Communities in Coastal British Columbia. For the past 16 years, Ron has assisted First Nations in the Treaty Process, most recently as co-negotiator for the Ka:’yu:’k’t’h’/Che:k’tles7et’h’ First Nation and technical support to the Maa-Nulth Treaty Society.

Ron Frank, Assistant Negotiator
Read More

Ashley is a K’ómoks member and began working for the K’ómoks First Nation in 2014 as Assistant to the CEO of K’ómoks Economic Development Corporation. Before that, she spent seven years working for financial institutions in various roles, from customer service to management. She attended Malaspina / Vancouver Island University where she gained knowledge and appreciation for research and the study of Anthropology and English.

Ashley Wright, Treaty Consultant
Read More

Melissa is a member of the K’ómoks First Nation, of Northern Coast Salish ancestry, has relations from Nuu-chah-nulth and Cowichan Nations, and is married into a Laich-kwil-tachs family. Melissa’s interest in the Treaty process evolved from an early age through watching her grandfather Ernie Hardy Senior, who was elected Chief for 24 years, begin the process. In 2008, she was hired as Communications/Assistant Negotiator trainee for the K’ómoks First Nation.

Melissa Quocksister, Treaty Consultant
Read More

Coral is a proud member of the K’ómoks First Nation and the newest addition to the treaty team. She is the daughter of the late Cindy Hardy and Michael Spinelli and the granddaughter of the late Ward Grauman and Jackie Hardy. After living away for several years, Coral has finally made her way home with her partner Elliott and their puppy, June.

Coral Mackay, Treaty Consultant
Read More

K’ómoks First Nation Treaty Resources

As we continue the process of achieving our treaty goals for all K’ómoks First Nation members, check here for the latest resources, videos, and news on the treaty process.

K’ómoks First Nation Treaty Video Series

K’ómoks First Nation Treaty Podcasts

K’ómoks First Nation Treaty Maps

CULTURE

TREATY

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

DEPARTMENTS